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12. Simultaneous assemblies and counter-demonstrations


  1. UN Human Rights Council, First Thematic Report of the Special Rapporteur on the rights to freedom of peaceful assembly and of association, Maina Kiai, UN Doc. A/HRC/20/27, 21 May 2012, para. 30; see also UN Human Rights Council, Joint report of the Special Rapporteur on the rights to freedom of peaceful assembly and of association and the Special Rapporteur on extrajudicial, summary or arbitrary executions on the proper management of assemblies, UN Doc. A/HRC/31/66, 4 February 2016, para. 24.
  2. OSCE-ODIHR and Venice Commission, Guidelines on Freedom of Peaceful Assembly, 2nd edn, 2010, Guideline 4.3 and Explanatory Notes, para. 122.
  3. AComHPR, Report of the Study Group on Freedom of Association and Assembly in Africa, 2014, p. 65, para. 36.
  4. Lashmankin and Others v. Russia, ECtHR, Judgment of 7 February 2017, para. 42.See also Sáska v. Hungary, ECtHR, Judgment of 27 November 2012, para. 21.
  5. OSCE-ODIHR and Venice Commission, Guidelines on Freedom of Peaceful Assembly, 2nd edn, 2010, Explanatory Notes, para. 122.
  6. UN Human Rights Council, First Thematic Report of the Special Rapporteur on the rights to freedom of peaceful assembly and of association, Maina Kiai, UN Doc. A/HRC/20/27,21 May 2012, para.30; see also UN Human Rights Council, Joint report of the Special Rapporteur on the rights to freedom of peaceful assembly and of association and the Special Rapporteur on extrajudicial, summary or arbitrary executions on the proper management of assemblies, UN Doc. A/HRC/31/66, 4 February 2016, paras. 24-25.
  7. OSCE-ODIHR and Venice Commission, Guidelines on Freedom of Peaceful Assembly, 2nd edn, 2010, Guideline 4.4 and Explanatory Notes, paras. 123-124.
  8. AComHPR, Report of the Study Group on Freedom of Association and Assembly in Africa, 2014, p. 65, para. 36.
  9. Plattform “Ärzte für das Leben” v. Austria, ECtHR, Judgment of 21 June 1988, para. 32.
  10. Plattform “Ärzte für das Leben” v. Austria, ECtHR, Judgment of 21 June 1988, para. 34 (references omitted).
  11. Plattform “Ärzte für das Leben” v. Austria, ECtHR, Judgment of 21 June 1988, paras. 35-39.
  12. Fáber v. Hungary, ECtHR, Judgment of 24 July 2012, para. 44 (references omitted).
  13. Identoba and Others v. Georgia, ECtHR, Judgment of 12 May 2015, para. 99; see also Ouranio Toxo and Others v. Greece, ECtHR, Judgment of 20 October 2005, paras. 42-43 and Alekseyev v. Russia, ECtHR, Judgment of 21 October 2010, para. 75.