February 2017

Angola communications: May 1, 2011 to February 28, 2017

angola-flagThis page summarizes cases raised with Angola by the Special Rapporteur between May 1, 2011, (when the Special Rapporteur took up his functions) and February 28, 2017 (the date of the last public release of communications). Communications are released to the public once per year. This page also contains observations on these communications and on responses received from Angola.

Communications and observations are divided into sections based upon which observation report they originally appeared.

Each communication is referenced as urgent appeal (UA), allegation letter (AL), joint urgent appeal (JUA) and joint allegation letter (JAL) – the hyperlinks lead to these documents. This is followed by the date the communication was issued, as well as the case number and the State reply (also hyperlinked if available).

Summaries and communications are published only in the language of submission (in the case of Angola, English).

First Report (May 1, 2011 to March 15, 2012)

  1. Joint allegation letter, 29/08/2011. Case no. AGO 2/2011. State Reply: None to date. Alleged denial of entry by immigration officials.
  2. Joint allegation letter, 21/12/2011 Case no. AGO 3/2011. State Reply: None to date. Alleged repeated restrictions to the rights to freedom of peaceful assembly as well as the excessive use of force during allegedly peaceful protests.

The Special Rapporteur regrets that no reply has been received from the Government of Angola to the allegation letters sent during the reporting period. He considers responses to his communications as an important part of the cooperation of Governments with his mandate, and urges the authorities to provide as soon as possible detailed responses to all the concerns raised in these communications.

The Special Rapporteur urges the authorities to refrain from using force during peaceful demonstrations. A thorough and independent investigation into any allegations of excessive use of force and of torture and ill treatment, including against women, during peaceful demonstrations, should be conducted; those responsible should be held accountable; and victims should be provided with full redress.

Second Report (March 16, 2012 to February 28, 2013)


Third Report (March 1, 2013 to February 28, 2014)

  1. Joint allegation letter, 26/04/2013. Case no. AGO 2/2013. State reply: 30/09/2013. Alleged arrests of 18 individuals who intended to participate in a peaceful protest.
  2. Joint urgent appeal, 10/06/2013. Case no. AGO 3/2013. State reply: 08/07/2013, 30/09/2013. Alleged incommunicado detention of one human rights defender and alleged arbitrary arrests and excessive use of force by the police against eight other human rights defenders.
  3. Joint allegation letter, 05/12/2013. Case no. AGO 5/2013. State reply: 08/01/2014. Alleged excessive use of force to disperse a peaceful demonstration, and killing of peaceful protestors, including a human rights defender.


The Special Rapporteur thanks the Government of Angola for replying to all his communications in the period under review. The Special Rapporteur remains deeply disturbed by the killings of Messrs. Silva Alves Camulingue and Isais Sebástião Cassule. As a matter of utmost importance, the Special Rapporteur requests the authorities to thoroughly investigate these killings, hold those responsible accountable, and provide victims’ families with redress. He requests the Government to keep him informed on the progress made into the investigations conducted in relation to the aforementioned cases.

The Special Rapporteur recommends that the Government of Angola put in place an enabling and safe environment allowing individuals to exercise their legitimate freedoms of peaceful assembly and association without undue hindrances. He reiterates the content of the operative paragraph 2 of the Human Rights Council Resolution 24/5 that “[r] reminds States of their obligation to respect and fully protect the rights of all individuals to assemble peacefully and associate freely, online as well as offline, including in the context of elections, and including persons espousing minority or dissenting views or beliefs, human rights defenders, trade unionists and others, including migrants, seeking to exercise or to promote these rights, and to take all necessary measures to ensure that any restrictions on the free exercise of the rights to freedom of peaceful assembly and of association are in accordance with their obligations under international human rights law.”

Fourth Report (March 1, 2014 to February 28, 2015)


Fifth Report (March 1, 2015 to February 28, 2016)

  1. Joint urgent appeal, 28/09/2015. Case no: AGO 2/2015. State reply: None. Allegations of arbitrary arrest and detention of a human rights defender as well as charges brought against him, and the alleged arbitrary arrest and detention of a human rights lawyer and his client
  2. Joint urgent appeal, 23/10/2015. Case no: AGO 3/2015. State reply: 11/12/2015. Allegations of arbitrary arrest and detention of fourteen human rights activists and a member of the National Air Force as well as charges brought against them and two other human rights activists who remain at liberty.


Responses to communications

The Special Rapporteur thanks the Government of Angola for its response dated 11 December 2015. He trusts he will soon receive a response to the questions raised in the communication sent on 28 September 2015, in conformity with the requirement of Human Rights Council resolutions 24/5 (2013), 21/16 (2012) and 15/21 (2010) to fully cooperate with the mandate.

The Special Rapporteur is taking note of the answer provided by the Government regarding communication AGO 3/2015, stating that the 17 individuals arrested are in custody for crimes of rebellion and of crimes of preparatory acts to practice rebellion. He urges the Government to reply to his communication regarding the alleged arbitrary arrest and detention of Mr. José Marcos Mavungo, and the charges of “sedition” and “rebellion” brought against him, as well as the alleged arbitrary arrest and detention of Mr. Arão Bula Tempo and Mr. Manuel Biongo (AGO 2/2015).

The Special Rapporteur reiterates his serious concerns regarding both communications alleging arbitrary arrests and detentions against several individuals, charges brought against them, and the fact that the judicial proceedings seemed to be aimed at preventing these individuals from peacefully exercising their legitimate human rights activities, including their rights to freedom of expression and peaceful assembly. He reiterates his concern at the apparent use of criminal law proceedings to silence non-violent dissenting voices and criticism of the Government in theses communications. Finally, he insists on the critical health situation of Mr. Henrique Luaty da Silva Beirão (AGO 3/2015), as well as of Mr. Mavungo and Mr. Tempo (AGO 2/2015).

He reminds the Government of its obligation to ensure that human rights defenders in Angola can carry out their legitimate work in a safe and enabling environment without fear of threats or acts of intimidation and harassment of any sort, including excessive use of force. Moreover, he urges the State to take all necessary steps to secure the rights to freedom of peaceful assembly and association as per articles 21 and 22 of the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights acceded by Angola on10 January 1992.

He also takes this opportunity to recall the observations of the Human Rights Committee that call upon the State to, inter alia, “refrain from prosecuting journalists, human rights defenders and other civil society actors as a means of deterring or discouraging them from freely expressing their opinions” and to “ensure that the exercise of the right to peaceful assembly is not subject to restrictions other than the ones permissible under the Covenant” (CCPR/C/KHM/CO/2, paragraphs 21b and 22).

Country visit

The Special Rapporteur reminds the Government of his pending request to visit Angola, as indicated by his letter sent in 2013. He trusts that such a visit would allow him to examine first-hand issues related to his mandate, identify good practices and formulate pertinent recommendations to relevant stakeholders. He looks forward to receiving a positive reply at the earliest possible opportunity. He reiterates that Human Rights Council resolution 15/21, which established his mandate, and 24/5, which renewed it for an additional period of three years, both call on States to consider favourably his requests for visits.

Sixth Report (March 1, 2016 to February 28, 2017)


For the full reports, containing communications, replies and observations for all countries, see the following links:

Report A/HRC/20/27/Add.3: May 1, 2011 to March 15, 2012

Report A/HRC/23/39/Add.2: March 16, 2012 to February 28, 2013

Report A/HRC/26/29/Add.1: March 1, 2013 to February 28, 2014

Report A/HRC/29/25/Add.3: March 1, 2014 to February 28, 2015

Report A/HRC/32/36/Add.3: March 1, 2015 to February 28, 2016

Report A/HRC/35/28/Add.4: March 1, 2016 to February 28, 2017