Table of Contents
Click to navigate chapters
Full text: Freedom of Assembly (PDF)
Full text: Freedom of Association (PDF)
Click for more on our litigation project
  • en
  • fr
  • 2. Significance of the ”peacefulness” requirement

    Most major global and human rights instruments guarantee a right of “peaceful” assembly (see Article 20 of the UDHR, Article 21 of the ICCPR, and, at the regional level, Article 15 of the ACHR and Article 11 of the ECHR). Article 11 of the ACHPR, however, simply guarantees a right “to assemble freely with others”.



    1. UN Human Rights Council, First Thematic Report of the Special Rapporteur on the rights to freedom of peaceful assembly and of association, Maina Kiai, UN Doc. A/HRC/20/27, 21 May 2012, para. 25; OSCE-ODIHR and Venice Commission, Guidelines on Freedom of Peaceful Assembly, 2nd edn, 2010, Guideline 1.3.
    2. Christian Democratic People’s Party v. Moldova (no. 2), ECtHR, Judgment of 2 February 2010, para. 23; see also Schwabe and M.G. v. Germany, ECtHR, Judgment of 1 December 2011, para. 103 and Christians against Racism and Fascism v. the United Kingdom, EComHR, Decision of 16 July 1980, para. 4.
    3. Ziliberberg v. Moldova, ECtHR, Decision of 4 May 2004, para. 2.
    4. UN Human Rights Council, First Thematic Report of the Special Rapporteur on the rights to freedom of peaceful assembly and of association, Maina Kiai, UN Doc. A/HRC/20/27, 21 May 2012, para. 25; OSCE-ODIHR and Venice Commission, Guidelines on Freedom of Peaceful Assembly, 2nd edn, 2010, Explanatory Notes, para. 25.
    5. Christian Democratic People’s Party v. Moldova (no. 2), ECtHR, Judgment of 2 February 2010, para. 23; see also Frumkin v. Russia, ECtHR, Judgment of 5 January 2016, para. 98.
    6. Karpyuk and Others v. Ukraine, ECtHR, Judgment of 6 October 2015, para. 202.
    7. UN Human Rights Council, Joint report of the Special Rapporteur on the rights to freedom of peaceful assembly and of association and the Special Rapporteur on extrajudicial, summary or arbitrary executions on the proper management of assemblies, UN Doc. A/HRC/31/66, 4 February 2016, para. 9.
    8. OSCE-ODIHR and Venice Commission, Guidelines on Freedom of Peaceful Assembly, 2nd edn, 2010, Guideline 1.3.
    9. Karpyuk and Others v. Ukraine, ECtHR, Judgment of 6 October 2015, para. 207.
    10. Kudrevičius and Others v. Lithuania, ECtHR, Grand Chamber Judgment of 15 October 2015, paras. 93-98.