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8. Determining objectives and activities of an association



  1. Viktor Korneenko et al. v. Belarus, Human Rights Committee, UN Doc. CCPR/C/88/D/1274/2004, Views of 31 October 2006.
  2. ACHR, art. 16(1).
  3. Venice Commission, Opinion on the Compatibility with Universal Human Rights Standards of Article 193-1 of the Criminal Code on the Rights of Non-Registered Associations of The Republic of Belarus, 18 October 2011, para. 65.
  4. Baena-Ricardo et al. v. Panama (Merits, Reparations, and Costs), IACtHR, Judgment of 2 February 2001, para 156; see also UN Human Rights Council, First Thematic Report of the UN Special Rapporteur on the rights to freedom of peaceful assembly and of association, Maina Kiai, UN Doc. A/HRC/20/27, 21 May 2012, para 65.
  5. UN Human Rights Council, Second Thematic Report of the Special Rapporteur on the rights to freedom of peaceful assembly and of association, Maina Kiai, UN Doc. A/HRC/23/39, 24 April 2013, para. 18.
  6. UN Human Rights Council, First Thematic Report of the UN Special Rapporteur on the rights to freedom of peaceful assembly and of association, Maina Kiai, UN Doc. A/HRC/20/27, 21 May 2012, para 18; see also OSCE/ODIHR and Venice Commission, Joint Guidelines on Freedom of Association, 2015, principle 4, para. 88.
  7. UN General Assembly, Declaration on the Rights and Responsibilities of Individuals, Groups and Organs of Society to Promote and Protect Universally Recognized Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms, UN General Assembly, UN Doc. G.A. Res. 53/144, 9 December 1998, para. 8.
  8. Human Rights Council, Resolution 15/21, October 2010, p. 2.
  9. Venice Commission, Opinion on the Compatibility with Universal Human Rights Standards of Article 193-1 of the Criminal Code on the Rights of Non-Registered Associations of The Republic of Belarus, 18 October 2011, para. 58.
  10. AComHPR, Draft Guidelines on Freedom of Association and Assembly in Africa, 22 September 2016, para. 24.1.
  11. Irina Fedotova v. Russia, Human Rights Committee, U.N.Doc. CCPR/C/106/D/1932/2010, para. 10.8. It regards a freedom of assembly case, but the legitimate aims is applicable to both association and assembly rights.
  12. Report of the Special Rapporteur on the rights to freedom of peaceful assembly and of association, Maina Kiai, on his mission to Oman, A/HRC/29/25/Add.1, 27 April 2015, para. 43; see also Statement by the United Nations Special Rapporteur on the rights to freedom of peaceful assembly and of association at the conclusion of his visit to the Sultanate of Oman, 13 September 2014.
  13. Report of the Special Rapporteur on the rights to freedom of peaceful assembly and of association, Maina Kiai, on his mission to Oman, A/HRC/29/25/Add.1, 27 April 2015, para. 47.
  14. Statement by the Special Rapporteur on the rights to freedom of peaceful assembly and of association at the conclusion of his visit to the Republic of Kazakhstan, 27 January 2015.
  15. Nikolay Kungurov v. Uzbekistan, Human Rights Committee, CCPR/C/102/D/1478/2006, Views of 20 July 2011, at para 8.5.
  16. AComHPR, Draft Guidelines on Freedom of Association and Assembly in Africa, 22 September 2016, para. 10.3.
  17. AComHPR, Draft Guidelines on Freedom of Association and Assembly in Africa, 22 September 2016, para. 22.4.
  18. UN Human Rights Council, First Thematic Report of the Special Rapporteur on the rights to freedom of peaceful assembly and of association, Maina Kiai, UN Doc. A/HRC/20/27, 21 May 2012, para 65(e).
  19. Baena Ricardo et al. v. Panama (Merits, Reparations, Costs), IACtHR, Judgment of 2 February 2001, para. 156; see also UN Human Rights Council, First Thematic Report of the Special Rapporteur on the rights to freedom of peaceful assembly and of association, Maina Kiai, UN Doc. A/HRC/20/27, 21 May 2012, para. 65.
  20. AComHPR, Draft Guidelines on Freedom of Association and Assembly in Africa, 22 September 2016, para. 30.
  21. Civil Liberties Organisation (in respect of the Nigerian Bar Association) v. Nigeria, AComHPR, 25 March 1995. See also reference in UN General Assembly, Report of the Special Rapporteur on the situation of human rights defenders, Margaret Sekaggya, UN Doc. A/64/226, 4 August 2009, para. 34.
  22. Civil Liberties Organisation (in respect of the Nigerian Bar Association) v. Nigeria, AComHPR, 25 March 1995.
  23. Associated Society of Locomotive Engineers and Firemen v United Kingdom, ECtHR, Judgment of 27 February 2007, para. 38.
  24. UN Human Rights Council, First Thematic Report of the Special Rapporteur on the rights to freedom of peaceful assembly and of association, Maina Kiai, UN Doc. A/HRC/20/27, para. 65.
  25. UN Human Rights Council, First Thematic Report of the Special Rapporteur on the rights to freedom of peaceful assembly and of association, Maina Kiai, UN Doc. A/HRC/20/27, para. 65.
  26. Boris Zvozskov et al. v. Belarus, Human Rights Committee, UN Doc. CCPR/C/88/D/1039/2001, 17 October 2006, para. 7.4.
  27. Universal Declaration of Human Rights Defenders.
  28. See, for example Boris Zvozskov et al. v. Belarus, Human Rights Committee, UN Doc. CCPR/C/88/D/1039/2001, 17 October 2006, finding the petitioner had standing to bring the complaint on his own behalf and on behalf of those individuals from whom he had submitted letters authorizing him to do so and refusing the submissions concerning the remaining named individuals in the complaint, from whom he had no such authorization.
  29. House of Macedonian Civilisation and others v. Greece, ECtHR, Judgment of 9 July 2015, paras. 27-44. Available in French.