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  • 9. The location of assemblies




    1. See, for example, Denis Turchenyak et al. v. Belarus, Human Rights Committee, Views of 10 September 2013, UN Doc. CCPR/C/108/D/1948/2010, para. 7.4; Pavel Kozlov et al. v. Belarus, Human Rights Committee, Views of 7 May 2015, UN Doc. CCPR/C/113/D/1949/2010, para. 7.4; and Leonid Sudalenko v. Belarus, Human Rights Committee, Views of 28 December 2015, UN Doc. CCPR/C/115/D/2016/2010, para. 8.4.
    2. UN Human Rights Council, Second Thematic Report of the Special Rapporteur on the rights to freedom of peaceful assembly and of association, Maina Kiai, UN Doc. A/HRC/23/39, 24 April 2013, para. 60.
    3. Lashmankin and Others v. Russia, ECtHR, Judgment of 7 February 2017, para. 405.
    4. OSCE-ODIHR and Venice Commission, Guidelines on Freedom of Peaceful Assembly, 2nd edn, 2010, Guideline 3.5 and Explanatory Notes, para. 45
    5. AComHPR, Report of the Study Group on Freedom of Association and Assembly in Africa, 2014, p. 62, para. 17.
    6. Sáska v. Hungary, ECtHR, Judgment of 27 November 2012, para. 21.
    7. Lashmankin and Others v. Russia, ECtHR, Judgment of 7 February 2017, para. 423 (references omitted).See also Sáska v. Hungary, ECtHR, Judgment of 27 November 2012, para. 21.
    8. Lashmankin and Others v. Russia, ECtHR, Judgment of 7 February 2017, para. 422.See also Sáska v. Hungary, ECtHR, Judgment of 27 November 2012, para. 21.
    9. Lashmankin and Others v. Russia, ECtHR, Judgment of 7 February 2017, para. 422.See also Sáska v. Hungary, ECtHR, Judgment of 27 November 2012, para. 21.
    10. Stankov and the United Macedonian Organisation Ilinden v. Bulgaria, ECtHR, Judgment of 2 October 2001, para. 109.
    11. Stankov and the United Macedonian Organisation Ilinden v. Bulgaria, ECtHR, Judgment of 2 October 2001, para. 109.
    12. Öllinger v. Austria, ECtHR, Judgment of 29 June 2006, paras. 47-48.
    13. Pavel Levinov v. Belarus, Human Rights Committee, Views of 14 July 2016, UN Doc. CCPR/C/117/D/2082/2011, para. 8.3.
    14. UN Human Rights Council, Report of the Special Rapporteur on the Rights of Freedom of Peaceful Assembly and of Association, Mission to Kazakhstan, UN Doc. A/HRC/29/25/Add.2, para. 53.
    15. See, for example, Denis Turchenyak et al. v. Belarus, Human Rights Committee, Views of 10 September 2013, UN Doc. CCPR/C/108/D/1948/2010, para. 7.4; Pavel Kozlov et al. v. Belarus, Human Rights Committee, Views of 7 May 2015, UN Doc. CCPR/C/113/D/1949/2010, para. 7.4; and Leonid Sudalenko v. Belarus, Human Rights Committee, Views of 28 December 2015, UN Doc. CCPR/C/115/D/2016/2010, para. 8.4.
    16. Lashmankin and Others v. Russia, ECtHR, Judgment of 7 February 2017, paras. 405 – 409 (references omitted).See also Sáska v. Hungary, ECtHR, Judgment of 27 November 2012, para. 21.
    17. Lashmankin and Others v. Russia, ECtHR, Judgment of 7 February 2017, paras. 416-430.See also Sáska v. Hungary, ECtHR, Judgment of 27 November 2012, para. 21.
    18. Primov and Others v. Russia, ECtHR, Judgment of 12 June 2014, paras. 130-131.
    19. Disk and Kesk v. Turkey, ECtHR, Judgment of 27 November 2012, paras. 29-32.
    20. Lashmankin and Others v. Russia, ECtHR, Judgment of 7 February 2017, para. 427.See also Sáska v. Hungary, ECtHR, Judgment of 27 November 2012, para. 21.
    21. Chebotareva v. Russian Federation, Human Rights Committee, Views of 26 March 2012, UN Doc. CCPR/C/104/D/1866/2009, para. 9.3.
    22. Chebotareva v. Russian Federation, Human Rights Committee, Views of 26 March 2012, UN Doc. CCPR/C/104/D/1866/2009, para. 9.3.
    23. Sáska v. Hungary, ECtHR, Judgment of 27 November 2012, paras. 22-23.
    24. Sáska v. Hungary, ECtHR, Judgment of 27 November 2012, paras. 22-23.
    25. See, for example, Vladimir Kirsanov v. Belarus, Human Rights Committee, Views of 5 June 2014, UN Doc. CCPR/C/110/D/1864/2009, para. 9.7;
    26. Primov and Others v. Russia, ECtHR, Judgment of 12 June 2014, paras. 130-131. In the same vein, see UN Human Rights Council, Second Thematic Report of the Special Rapporteur on the rights to freedom of peaceful assembly and of association, Maina Kiai, UN Doc. A/HRC/23/39, 24 April 2013, para. 60.
    27. Primov and Others v. Russia, ECtHR, Judgment of 12 June 2014, para. 147.
    28. Primov and Others v. Russia, ECtHR, Judgment of 12 June 2014, paras. 130-131.
    29. Primov and Others v. Russia, ECtHR, Judgment of 12 June 2014, para. 147.
    30. UN Human Rights Council, First Thematic Report of the Special Rapporteur on the rights to freedom of peaceful assembly and of association, Maina Kiai, UN Doc. A/HRC/20/27, 21 May 2012, para. 40.
    31. Lashmankin and Others v. Russia, ECtHR, Judgment of 7 February 2017, para. 426.See also Sáska v. Hungary, ECtHR, Judgment of 27 November 2012, para. 21.
    32. UN Human Rights Council, First Thematic Report of the Special Rapporteur on the rights to freedom of peaceful assembly and of association, Maina Kiai, UN Doc. A/HRC/20/27, 21 May 2012, para. 11; IACHR, Second Report on the Situation of Human Rights Defenders in the Americas, OEA/Ser.L/V/II, Doc. 66, 31 December 2011, para. 136.
    33. OSCE-ODIHR and Venice Commission, Guidelines on Freedom of Peaceful Assembly, 2nd edn, 2010, Explanatory Notes, para 20.
    34. Körtvélyessy v. Hungary, ECtHR, Judgment of 5 April 2016, para. 29 and Patyi and Others v. Hungary, ECtHR, Judgment of 7 October 2008, para. 42.
    35. IACHR, Report on Citizen Security and Human Rights, OEA/Ser.L/V/II, Doc 57, 31 December 2009,para. 193.
    36. Novikova and Others v. Russia, ECtHR, Judgment of 26 April 2016, para 171. See also Oya Ataman v. Turkey, ECtHR, Judgment of 5 December 2006, para. 39.
    37. Körtvélyessy v. Hungary, ECtHR, Judgment of 5 April 2016, paras. 28-29
    38. Körtvélyessy v. Hungary, ECtHR, Judgment of 5 April 2016, paras. 28-29 (references omitted); see also Patyi and Others v. Hungary, ECtHR, Judgment of 7 October 2008, para. 42.
    39. Körtvélyessy v. Hungary, ECtHR, Judgment of 5 April 2016, paras. 28-29 (references omitted); see also Patyi and Others v. Hungary, ECtHR, Judgment of 7 October 2008, para. 42.
    40. UN Human Rights Council, Joint report of the Special Rapporteur on the rights to freedom of peaceful assembly and of association and the Special Rapporteur on extrajudicial, summary or arbitrary executions on the proper management of assemblies, UN Doc. A/HRC/31/66, 4 February 2016, para. 62.
    41. Oya Ataman v. Turkey, ECtHR, Judgment of 5 December 2006, para. 41; Balçik and Others v. Turkey, ECtHR, Judgment of 29 November 2007, para. 51; Tahirova v. Azerbaijan, ECtHR, Judgment of 3 October 2013, para. 73.
    42. Oya Ataman v. Turkey, ECtHR, Judgment of 5 December 2006, para. 39.
    43. Case C-112/00, Eugen Schmidberger, Internationale Transporte und Planzüge v. Austria, ECJ, Judgment of 12 June 2003.
    44. Case C-112/00, Eugen Schmidberger, Internationale Transporte und Planzüge v. Austria, ECJ, Judgment of 12 June 2003, paras. 89-91.
    45. Award of the Mercosur Ad Hoc Tribunal (Uruguay v. Argentina), 6 September 2006, paras. 178-179.
    46. Balçik and Others v. Turkey, ECtHR, Judgment of 29 November 2007, para. 51.
    47. Kudrevičius and Others v. Lithuania, ECtHR, Grand Chamber Judgment of 15 October 2015, para. 173. See also Barraco v. France, ECtHR, Judgment of 5 March 2009, paras. 46-47.
    48. Balçik and Others v. Turkey, ECtHR, Judgment of 29 November 2007, paras. 51-52.
    49. Kudrevičius and Others v. Lithuania, ECtHR, Grand Chamber Judgment of 15 October 2010, para. 156.
    50. Kudrevičius and Others v. Lithuania, ECtHR, Grand Chamber Judgment of 15 October 2010, para. 151. See also Primov and Others v. Russia, ECtHR, Judgment of 12 June 2014, para. 119.
    51. Kudrevičius and Others v. Lithuania, ECtHR, Grand Chamber Judgment of 15 October 2010, paras. 176-183.
    52. United Nations Special Rapporteur on the rights to freedom of peaceful assembly and of association and Human Rights Centre of the University of Ghent, Third Party Intervention before the European Court of Human Rights in Mahammad Majidli v. Azerbaijan (no. 3) and three other applications, November 2015, paras. 14-15.
    53. UN Human Rights Council, First Thematic Report of the Special Rapporteur on the rights to freedom of peaceful assembly and of association, Maina Kiai, UN Doc. A/HRC/20/27, 21 May 2012, para. 39; UN Human Rights Council, Report of the Special Rapporteur on the Rights of Freedom of Peaceful Assembly and of Association, Mission to the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, UN Doc. A/HRC/23/39/Add.1, 17 June 2013, para. 62; UNGA, First Thematic Report of the Special Rapporteur on the rights to freedom of peaceful assembly and of association, Maina Kiai, UN Doc. A/68/299, 7 August 2013, para. 25; UN Human Rights Council, Report of the Special Rapporteur on the Rights of Freedom of Peaceful Assembly and of Association, Mission to Oman, UN Doc. A/HRC/29/25/Add.1, 27 April 2015, para. 29; UN Special Rapporteur, amicus curiae brief before the Supreme Court of the Nation of Mexico in constitutionality challenges 96/2014 and 97/2014 regarding the Mexico City Mobility Law, 20 August 2015, para. 40; UN Special Rapporteur, amicus curiae brief before the High Court of Kenya at Nairobi, Constitutional and Human Rights Division, in petition no. 544 of 2015, 11 April 2016, para. 32.
    54. UN Human Rights Council, Second Thematic Report of the Special Rapporteur on the rights to freedom of peaceful assembly and of association, Maina Kiai, UN Doc. A/HRC/23/39, 24 April 2013, para. 66.
    55. OSCE-ODIHR and Venice Commission, Guidelines on Freedom of Peaceful Assembly, 2nd edn, 2010, Explanatory Notes, paras. 43 and 102; See AComHPR, Guidelines on Freedom of Assembly and Association in Africa, para 83-84;AComHPR, Report of the Study Group on Freedom of Association and Assembly in Africa, 2014, p. 20, para. 25.
    56. See, for example, Denis Turchenyak et al. v. Belarus, Human Rights Committee, Views of 10 September 2013, UN Doc. CCPR/C/108/D/1948/2010, para. 7.4; Pavel Kozlov et al. v. Belarus, Human Rights Committee, Views of 7 May 2015, UN Doc. CCPR/C/113/D/1949/2010, para. 7.4; and Leonid Sudalenko v. Belarus, Human Rights Committee, Views of 28 December 2015, UN Doc. CCPR/C/115/D/2016/2010, para. 8.4.
    57. Nurettin Aldemir and Others v. Turkey, ECtHR, Judgment of 18 December 2007; Sáska v. Hungary, ECtHR, Judgment of 27 November 2012.
    58. Christian Democratic People’s Party v. Moldova, ECtHR, Judgment of 14 February 2006; Özbent and Others v. Turkey, ECtHR, Judgment of 9 June 2015.
    59. Sergey Kuznetsov v. Russia, ECtHR, Judgment of 23 October 2008; Malofeyeva v. Russia, ECtHR, Judgment of 13 May 2013; Kakabadze and Others v. Georgia, ECtHR, Judgment of 2 October 2012.
    60. Patyi and Others v. Hungary, ECtHR, Judgment of 7 October 2008.
    61. Lashmankin and Others v. Russia, ECtHR, Judgment of 7 February 2017, para. 434.
    62. Lashmankin and Others v. Russia, ECtHR, Judgment of 7 February 2017, para. 437.
    63. Lashmankin and Others v. Russia, ECtHR, Judgment of 7 February 2017, para. 440.
    64. Taranenko v. Russia, ECtHR, Judgment of 15 May 2014, para. 78.
    65. Taranenko v. Russia, ECtHR, Judgment of 15 May 2014, paras. 77-78.
    66. Taranenko v. Russia, ECtHR, Judgment of 15 May 2014, paras. 93-95.
    67. OSCE-ODIHR and Venice Commission, Guidelines on Freedom of Peaceful Assembly, 2nd edn, 2010, Explanatory Notes, para. 22; Cissé v. France, ECtHR, Judgment of 9 April 2002, paras 39-40.
    68. Appleby and others v. United Kingdom, ECtHR, Judgment of 6 May 2003.
    69. UN Human Rights Council, Joint report of the Special Rapporteur on the rights to freedom of peaceful assembly and of association and the Special Rapporteur on extrajudicial, summary or arbitrary executions on the proper management of assemblies, UN Doc. A/HRC/31/66, 4 February 2016, para. 84.
    70. Appleby and others v. United Kingdom, ECtHR, Judgment of 6 May 2003, para. 41.
    71. Appleby and others v. United Kingdom, ECtHR, Judgment of 6 May 2003, para. 52.
    72. Appleby and others v. United Kingdom, ECtHR, Judgment of 6 May 2003, para. 47.